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2018年北大中文核心期刊目录 电力工程师职称  水利施工  浙江大学学报

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建筑工程国家级论文发表建筑工程的施工组织设计和施工工艺

发布(bu)时间:2014-07-16 14:47:32更新时间:2014-07-16 14:48:37所属分类:建筑设计论文浏览:1次(ci) 更多优质资料,可以联系在线客服索取!

施工组织设计不仅是指导生产经营活动的重要文件,也是编制施工图预算的重要依据。因此施工单位有必要做好施工组织设计明确施工的工艺,搞平面布置图,做好节约工作,注重经济指标内容。工程造价人员参与施工组织设计的编制直接关系到企业的经济利益,因此完

  施(shi)工(gong)组(zu)(zu)织(zhi)设(she)(she)(she)计(ji)不仅是指导生产经营活(huo)动的重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)文件(jian),也是编(bian)制施(shi)工(gong)图预算的重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)依据。因此(ci)施(shi)工(gong)单位有必要(yao)(yao)做好施(shi)工(gong)组(zu)(zu)织(zhi)设(she)(she)(she)计(ji)明确施(shi)工(gong)的工(gong)艺,搞(gao)平面(mian)布置图,做好节约工(gong)作,注重(zhong)经济(ji)(ji)指标内容。工(gong)程造价人员参与施(shi)工(gong)组(zu)(zu)织(zhi)设(she)(she)(she)计(ji)的编(bian)制直接关(guan)系到(dao)(dao)企业的经济(ji)(ji)利益(yi),因此(ci)完善的施(shi)工(gong)组(zu)(zu)织(zhi)设(she)(she)(she)计(ji)不仅关(guan)涉(she)到(dao)(dao)企业的经济(ji)(ji)利益(yi),同时也关(guan)涉(she)到(dao)(dao)工(gong)程的质量。

  摘 要:随着(zhe)建筑市场(chang)的(de)竞争日趋(qu)激(ji)烈,对施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)企业提出更高的(de)要求,不仅(jin)要精湛的(de)技(ji)术装备和高端的(de)设(she)计(ji)人才,而且需要完善的(de)管理体(ti)制(zhi)。一些施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)企业缺乏积(ji)极的(de)应对措(cuo)施(shi)(shi),科技(ji)管理水(shui)平落(luo)后,对施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)组(zu)(zu)织(zhi)设(she)计(ji)没有引(yin)起(qi)足够的(de)重(zhong)视(shi)(shi),导致(zhi)建筑工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)过程(cheng)中管理水(shui)平低下,工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)组(zu)(zu)织(zhi)设(she)计(ji)编(bian)制(zhi)质量低劣,只重(zhong)视(shi)(shi)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)组(zu)(zu)织(zhi)技(ji)术措(cuo)施(shi)(shi),忽视(shi)(shi)经济(ji)指标,产生一些经济(ji)纠纷。所(suo)以(yi)建筑施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)企业要做好建筑工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)的(de)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)组(zu)(zu)织(zhi)设(she)计(ji)书,保证施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)艺有条(tiao)不紊(wen)进行。本文就建筑工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)的(de)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)组(zu)(zu)织(zhi)设(she)计(ji)和施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)艺这两方面(mian)做一下综述。

  关键词:国家级论文发表,建筑工程,施工组织设计,施工工艺

  一、建筑工(gong)程(cheng)的施(shi)工(gong)组(zu)织(zhi)设计

  施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织设(she)(she)计是施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)企业(ye)(ye)对施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)项(xiang)目进(jin)行技术(shu)(shu)管(guan)理(li)的(de)重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)文(wen)件。在技术(shu)(shu)上、组(zu)(zu)(zu)织上和管(guan)理(li)手段上论证投标书中(zhong)投标报价(jia)、施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)期和施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)质量三(san)大(da)目标的(de)合理(li)性(xing)(xing)和可(ke)行性(xing)(xing)。对招标文(wen)件提(ti)(ti)出的(de)要(yao)(yao)求(要(yao)(yao)约)做(zuo)出明确、具体的(de)承(cheng)诺 ,对工(gong)(gong)(gong)程承(cheng)包中(zhong)需(xu)要(yao)(yao)业(ye)(ye)主(zhu)提(ti)(ti)供的(de)条件提(ti)(ti)出要(yao)(yao)求(要(yao)(yao)约)。随着建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)市场的(de)发展与(yu)成熟(shu),项(xiang)目管(guan)理(li)模(mo)式的(de)根本性(xing)(xing)变化,要(yao)(yao)求施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)企业(ye)(ye)对施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织设(she)(she)计的(de)创新(xin)。因(yin)此施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)企业(ye)(ye)在单位工(gong)(gong)(gong)程开工(gong)(gong)(gong)前(qian)要(yao)(yao)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织工(gong)(gong)(gong)程技术(shu)(shu)、材料设(she)(she)备、劳资(zi)定(ding)额、经济计划、工(gong)(gong)(gong)程造价(jia)等(deng)人(ren)员认真熟(shu)读图纸、深(shen)(shen)入现场进(jin)行实地勘察,研究各(ge)项(xiang)技术(shu)(shu)经济组(zu)(zu)(zu)织措施(shi)(shi)。在我国,施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)过(guo)程有很大(da)的(de)限制主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)是由于高(gao)层(ceng)建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)场地狭小,高(gao)层(ceng)建(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)对基础埋(mai)置较深(shen)(shen),施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)极为复杂,多(duo)位于人(ren)流大(da)的(de)城市繁华地段,要(yao)(yao)做(zuo)好整体规划不能破(po)坏周围其他基础设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi),做(zuo)好环境(jing)保护工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)等(deng),所(suo)以必(bi)须做(zuo)好施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织设(she)(she)计。

  高(gao)(gao)层(ceng)建(jian)筑(zhu)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)组织(zhi)设(she)(she)(she)计(ji)(ji)主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)包(bao)括(kuo)建(jian)筑(zhu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)部(bu)署,施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)现(xian)场(chang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)管理(li),机(ji)械设(she)(she)(she)备(bei)的(de)(de)(de)(de)合理(li)和成(cheng)(cheng)本控制,做好(hao)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)顺(shun)序、施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)技术、责任的(de)(de)(de)(de)确定(ding),同(tong)时也要(yao)(yao)根据高(gao)(gao)层(ceng)建(jian)筑(zhu)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)组织(zhi)管理(li)的(de)(de)(de)(de)特点,划分多个部(bu)门,分层(ceng)管理(li)对(dui)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)设(she)(she)(she)备(bei)的(de)(de)(de)(de)租赁(lin)、各类(lei)技术的(de)(de)(de)(de)培训、施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)现(xian)场(chang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)合理(li)组织(zhi)。施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)现(xian)场(chang)合理(li)地(di)(di)部(bu)署才能(neng)更好(hao)地(di)(di)调配(pei)人员(yuan)。在施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)时候难免(mian)遇到恶(e)劣(lie)天气,所以要(yao)(yao)做好(hao)合理(li)的(de)(de)(de)(de)规划与管理(li),对(dui)于(yu)天气的(de)(de)(de)(de)因素(su)造(zao)成(cheng)(cheng)阶(jie)段性施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)进(jin)(jin)度的(de)(de)(de)(de)耽(dan)误,要(yao)(yao)做好(hao)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)计(ji)(ji)划的(de)(de)(de)(de)调整,安排施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)调整,不能(neng)在恶(e)劣(lie)环境下(xia)进(jin)(jin)行现(xian)场(chang)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong),保(bao)证(zheng)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)安全。高(gao)(gao)层(ceng)建(jian)筑(zhu)在施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)过(guo)程(cheng)中对(dui)机(ji)械设(she)(she)(she)备(bei)的(de)(de)(de)(de)要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)比较高(gao)(gao),所以企(qi)业要(yao)(yao)选(xuan)用质量(liang)(liang)高(gao)(gao)且安全系(xi)数高(gao)(gao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)设(she)(she)(she)备(bei),减(jian)(jian)少(shao)(shao)(shao)故障发生(sheng)所造(zao)成(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)损(sun)失(shi),减(jian)(jian)少(shao)(shao)(shao)由(you)于(yu)设(she)(she)(she)备(bei)选(xuan)择不当造(zao)成(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)浪(lang)费,保(bao)证(zheng)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)质量(liang)(liang)和施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)进(jin)(jin)度。企(qi)业最终要(yao)(yao)以经济利益为中心,所以要(yao)(yao)做好(hao)成(cheng)(cheng)本控制,在施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)设(she)(she)(she)计(ji)(ji)合理(li)布置的(de)(de)(de)(de)基(ji)础上,在最短(duan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)时间里高(gao)(gao)质量(liang)(liang)完成(cheng)(cheng)建(jian)筑(zhu)任务,减(jian)(jian)少(shao)(shao)(shao)不必要(yao)(yao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)人力(li)物力(li)财(cai)力(li)的(de)(de)(de)(de)浪(lang)费,同(tong)时也要(yao)(yao)合理(li)地(di)(di)配(pei)备(bei)机(ji)械设(she)(she)(she)备(bei),提高(gao)(gao)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)效率,在保(bao)证(zheng)质量(liang)(liang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)前提下(xia)加快施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)进(jin)(jin)度,减(jian)(jian)少(shao)(shao)(shao)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)中材料的(de)(de)(de)(de)浪(lang)费,这些都要(yao)(yao)做出合理(li)的(de)(de)(de)(de)计(ji)(ji)划,把成(cheng)(cheng)本降到最低(di)。

  我国的(de)建(jian)筑(zhu)市(shi)场不(bu)断地成(cheng)熟,需(xu)要企业不(bu)断地优(you)化施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)组织设(she)(she)计(ji)。高层(ceng)建(jian)筑(zhu)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)组织设(she)(she)计(ji)的(de)编(bian)制不(bu)仅要考虑(lv)到(dao)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)方(fang)案(an)、施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)进度、施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)质量(liang)和安全,还要考虑(lv)到(dao)履行(xing)合(he)同(tong)的(de)需(xu)求(qiu),施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)组织设(she)(she)计(ji)应编(bian)制集管(guan)理(li)、经济、技术、合(he)同(tong)为一体的(de)高层(ceng)建(jian)筑(zhu)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)管(guan)理(li)的(de)规划(hua)性(xing)文件(jian),同(tong)时也是(shi)合(he)同(tong)履行(xing)的(de)指导性(xing)文件(jian)以及工(gong)(gong)(gong)程结算和索赔的(de)依据性(xing)文件(jian)。

  首先(xian)要(yao)有(you)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)质量(liang)管(guan)(guan)理体(ti)系。工(gong)(gong)程质量(liang)是企业(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)形象与品牌,所以要(yao)有(you)完(wan)(wan)善的(de)(de)(de)(de)监督体(ti)系,保(bao)证现(xian)场施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)质量(liang)和安全操作,不(bu)得(de)掺假。其(qi)次(ci)企业(ye)(ye)也应(ying)该(gai)有(you)完(wan)(wan)善的(de)(de)(de)(de)管(guan)(guan)理体(ti)制(zhi),在(zai)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)组织(zhi)(zhi)设计(ji)的(de)(de)(de)(de)编(bian)制(zhi)中(zhong)列出(chu)具(ju)体(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)管(guan)(guan)理组织(zhi)(zhi),有(you)利(li)于(yu)取得(de)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)程的(de)(de)(de)(de)承(cheng)包(bao)权,也有(you)利(li)于(yu)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)管(guan)(guan)理组织(zhi)(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)内部管(guan)(guan)理,以更好(hao)地完(wan)(wan)成施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)任(ren)(ren)务(wu)。最(zui)后要(yao)做(zuo)好(hao)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)任(ren)(ren)务(wu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)分(fen)包(bao),高层(ceng)建筑(zhu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)任(ren)(ren)务(wu)量(liang)较大,承(cheng)包(bao)商(shang)与业(ye)(ye)主(zhu)要(yao)协调(diao)好(hao),共同保(bao)证工(gong)(gong)程质量(liang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)完(wan)(wan)成。承(cheng)包(bao)商(shang)分(fen)包(bao)必须在(zai)业(ye)(ye)主(zhu)允许的(de)(de)(de)(de)情况下(xia)在(zai)投标书中(zhong)做(zuo)出(chu)声(sheng)明(ming)(ming),同时对所分(fen)包(bao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)任(ren)(ren)务(wu)承(cheng)担相应(ying)的(de)(de)(de)(de)责(ze)任(ren)(ren),不(bu)得(de)有(you)任(ren)(ren)何违反法(fa)律的(de)(de)(de)(de)行为。业(ye)(ye)主(zhu)分(fen)包(bao)在(zai)招标文(wen)件中(zhong)声(sheng)明(ming)(ming),承(cheng)包(bao)商(shang)在(zai)具(ju)体(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)组织(zhi)(zhi)设计(ji)中(zhong)不(bu)要(yao)对这部分(fen)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)任(ren)(ren)务(wu)做(zuo)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)组织(zhi)(zhi)设计(ji),但必须对分(fen)包(bao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)任(ren)(ren)务(wu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)出(chu)场时间、验收时间做(zuo)具(ju)体(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)说明(ming)(ming),防止施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)交接产(chan)生不(bu)必要(yao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)麻烦。

  在施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)组织设计(ji)中(zhong)不(bu)可(ke)忽视的(de)(de)(de)是做好高(gao)(gao)处作业安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)措施(shi),患有(you)高(gao)(gao)血压、心(xin)脏(zang)病、精神病、深度近(jin)视等(deng)人(ren)(ren)员不(bu)得从事高(gao)(gao)处作业,提高(gao)(gao)现(xian)场施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)(ren)员的(de)(de)(de)业务素质。安(an)(an)(an)装安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)网(wang)或(huo)栏杆,在任何危(wei)险区域设立标志牌(pai)和安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)网(wang),减少不(bu)必(bi)要的(de)(de)(de)损伤。架(jia)子(zi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)在搭(da)承重(zhong)脚手架(jia)时(shi),在二(er)排以上(shang)(含二(er)排)应(ying)(ying)全(quan)(quan)部铺设安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)笆和安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)扶(fu)手栏杆,禁止从脚手架(jia)攀登上(shang)下,井架(jia)吊篮严禁乘人(ren)(ren)。当施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)(de)时(shi)候遇到恶(e)劣(lie)的(de)(de)(de)天气(qi)时(shi),应(ying)(ying)停止高(gao)(gao)空起重(zhong)和露(lu)天作业,保证(zheng)(zheng)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)(ren)员安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)。高(gao)(gao)空作业,必(bi)须设有(you)防雷装置(zhi),不(bu)准盲目(mu)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong),在施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)现(xian)场不(bu)得随意(yi)堆放(fang)材料,必(bi)须在固定场所堆放(fang)稳妥(tuo),工(gong)(gong)(gong)具随手放(fang)入工(gong)(gong)(gong)具袋,防止坠落伤人(ren)(ren),脚手板(片)必(bi)须两头四点扎牢,防止跷头打滑。完善(shan)的(de)(de)(de)安(an)(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)体系(xi)才(cai)能(neng)保证(zheng)(zheng)现(xian)场施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)(de)正常进行。

  二、建筑(zhu)工(gong)程的施工(gong)工(gong)艺 (下(xia)转第155页)

  (上(shang)接第152页)首先(xian)要(yao)做(zuo)(zuo)到(dao)(dao)场地(di)的平整,保证通水、通电、通路。做(zuo)(zuo)好地(di)基工(gong)作(zuo)须要(yao)挖基坑、做(zuo)(zuo)垫层、做(zuo)(zuo)基础(chu),桩基础(chu)的还要(yao)打桩。做(zuo)(zuo)完(wan)基础(chu)后回(hui)填,没(mei)有地(di)下室的情况,回(hui)填土至正负零以下200-300的样子。然后做(zuo)(zuo)主(zhu)体,主(zhu)体实(shi)际(ji)上(shang)就是从基础(chu)圈梁开始,绑筋、支模、浇筑,一(yi)直(zhi)到(dao)(dao)建筑物封顶。当(dang)然所有的设计必须按(an)照施工(gong)设计图来进行。其次,在(zai)做(zuo)(zuo)完(wan)框(kuang)架主(zhu)体之后,开始每层砌墙。砌墙完(wan)了是做(zuo)(zuo)楼地(di)面,一(yi)般毛坯房(fang)拆模后是什(shen)么(me)样子就什(shen)么(me)样子,不(bu)用再(zai)做(zuo)(zuo)一(yi)遍(bian)地(di)面,简(jian)装房(fang)会做(zuo)(zuo)一(yi)遍(bian)砂浆。防水是一(yi)个大工(gong)程(cheng),它(ta)关系到(dao)(dao)房(fang)屋的舒(shu)适(shi)度和便捷(jie)度。

  防水主要(yao)包括(kuo)屋面(mian)(mian)防水、厕浴间防水,须(xu)要(yao)注(zhu)(zhu)意的(de)是(shi)厕所的(de)防水做(zuo)(zuo)完后要(yao)蓄水24小时检验(yan)(yan),做(zuo)(zuo)完后做(zuo)(zuo)一(yi)层(ceng)保护层(ceng),再蓄水检验(yan)(yan)24小时,最后才做(zuo)(zuo)沉箱,做(zuo)(zuo)面(mian)(mian)层(ceng)。这(zhei)样(yang)可以更(geng)好(hao)地(di)(di)保证防水工程(cheng)的(de)质量(liang)。施工人员在做(zuo)(zuo)水电(dian)管(guan)线时要(yao)注(zhu)(zhu)意,水电(dian)管(guan)线的(de)一(yi)些预埋管(guan)线在做(zuo)(zuo)主体(ti)结构的(de)时候就已经预埋好(hao)了,在混凝土结构内部,具体(ti)预埋的(de)时间是(shi)绑筋(jin)后,浇(jiao)筑(zhu)前,同时也可以做(zuo)(zuo)好(hao)栏杆、门窗。最后,装(zhuang)修(xiu)设计(ji)方面(mian)(mian)主要(yao)是(shi)由专业的(de)装(zhuang)修(xiu)公司来做(zuo)(zuo)抹灰、吊顶、地(di)(di)面(mian)(mian)等,使得工程(cheng)整体(ti)完善。

  为了适应(ying)建(jian)筑(zhu)市场发(fa)(fa)展的(de)(de)要求,作为一(yi)(yi)个复杂的(de)(de)系统工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程,建(jian)筑(zhu)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)设(she)计(ji)(ji)必须真正发(fa)(fa)挥施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)设(she)计(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)指(zhi)导作用(yong),不(bu)断优化建(jian)筑(zhu)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)设(she)计(ji)(ji),完善(shan)建(jian)筑(zhu)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)。做(zuo)好(hao)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)设(she)计(ji)(ji)才能更(geng)好(hao)地保证(zheng)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)顺利完成,但(dan)是(shi)它(ta)不(bu)仅仅是(shi)一(yi)(yi)张简单(dan)的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程设(she)计(ji)(ji)图,而(er)是(shi)关系施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)是(shi)否完善(shan)的(de)(de)全(quan)程设(she)计(ji)(ji)图,有的(de)(de)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)单(dan)位编(bian)制施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)设(she)计(ji)(ji)受传统观念和习惯(guan)的(de)(de)影(ying)响,只重(zhong)视施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)技(ji)术措施(shi),忽视经济指(zhi)标内容,以致在工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程结算中(zhong)纠纷不(bu)断,所以企业也要注(zhu)重(zhong)经济效益和社会效益的(de)(de)双赢,做(zuo)好(hao)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)设(she)计(ji)(ji),完善(shan)施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)。

  参考(kao)文(wen)献:

  [1]安静华(hua).浅谈水利(li)工程(cheng)施工组织设计问题[J].科技情报开发与(yu)经(jing)济,2003.12(6):203-204

  [2]张文倬.水利(li)工程施工组(zu)织设计问题[J].四川水利(li),1996,3(5):3-7

  [3]邹红烨(ye),李为民(min),刘敏.施工组织设(she)计(ji)的编制[J].水利天地,1997.2(6):26-27

  [4]牛连(lian)华(hua).浅谈水利水电工程(cheng)施工组织设计[J].山东水利,2002.4(2):63

  [5]杨光煦.水利水电工程(cheng)施工组织设(she)计发(fa)展[J].人民长江,2001.7(10):46-68

  [6]谢培忠.水利(li)水电(dian)工程施(shi)工组织设计理论问题初探[J].红水河,1994.8(1):39-45

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